NATSEM Seminar Series

Increasing Inequality in Indonesia: Education and Demand Impacts from the Labour Market across Deep Spatial Divides

Tue 16 February 2016IGPA Indonesia Program Seminar / 11.00am - 12.45pmNATSEM Seminar Room 2, Building 24, University of Canberra


There has been a growing interest in rising income inequality both internationally and in Indonesia. One of the features of the current widening of the income distribution in a number of countries has been rising earnings from employment at the top end of the earnings distribution. The aim of this seminar is to explore the data on skill differentials in Indonesia and to present some preliminary results on the relationship between the skill differential (defined in various ways) and wage inequality at the level of regional development area in Indonesia. The regions with high skill premium tend to have more unequal wages distribution. Our empirical estimations show that sharply rising tertiary qualifications among workers have contributed to wage inequality and this was observed in most regions. The skill premium in modern and resource based regions can be explained by demand pull for these skilled workers.



  • Dr Tri Mulyaningsih, Lecturer, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Sebelas Maret, Indonesia
  • Emeritus Professor Anne Daly, IGPA-Fellow, Faculty of Business, Government and Law, University of Canberra
  • Dr Riyana Miranti, Senior Research Fellow, NATSEM, IGPA, University of Canberra
  • Adjunct Associate Professor Chris Manning, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics, Crawford School of Public Policy, ANU College of Asia & the Pacific, Australian National University


Short Biographys 

Tri Mulyaningsih is a Lecturer at the Faculty of Economics and Business at the University of Sebelas Maret Indonesia. She has a PhD in Economics from the University of Canberra. Her research interest is in the area of micro economics particularly on market structure, firms behaviour and market performance and issues in labour and education.

Anne Daly is an Emeritus Professor of Economics in the Faculty of Business, Government and Law, University of Canberra. She has a PhD in Economics from the ANU. Her research interests are wide ranging in the area of applied economics and include the effects of economic reform on the performance of industries; the economic status of women, Indigenous Australians and migrants and studies of disadvantage. She is particularly interested in researching in these areas using cross country comparisons.

Riyana (Mira) Miranti is a Senior Research Fellow at NATSEM, Institute for Governance and Policy Analysis (IGPA), University of Canberra. Mira holds a PhD in Economics from the ANU. She has strong research experience in the areas of development economics, social wellbeing and equity particularly focusing on the issues of disadvantage and wellbeing including poverty, social exclusion and inequality affecting children, women, older people, families and other groups of population with two countries of specialisations, Australia and Indonesia. Mira is also a Convenor of Indonesia Program at IGPA.

Chris Manning is an Adjunct Associate Professor in the Arndt-Corden Department of Economics in the Crawford School, at the Australian National University (ANU). He has a PhD in Economics from the ANU. He was Head of the Indonesia Project at the ANU from 1998-2009, and Joint Head in 2010. His specialist academic interests are in labour economics, labour policy and international migration related to economic growth and poverty alleviation in Southeast Asia, and particularly Indonesia. His publications deal mostly with Indonesian labour markets and labour force, Indonesian economy and political economy, and labour markets and international migration in East Asia.


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