NATSEM Seminar Series

Evaluation of the structural transformation and poverty reduction in the Asia Pacific SIDS

Tue 9 April 2019Dr Yogi Vidyattama / 12:00pm-1:00pmFishbowl, Building 24, University of Canberra

ABOUT THE TALK

The Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are a group of countries facing common social, economic and environmental challenges. Small land areas and population size are the most obvious challenges. It is also often added by remoteness and low connectivity. There are many similar characteristics and constraints among the Asia Pacific SIDS. Besides remoteness and size, they are also prone to climate change and natural disasters such as cyclones. This study has looked at the stage of current structural transformation in Asia Pacific SIDS to encourage growth and reduce poverty. The picture is not encouraging as the countries unable to move forward toward the more labour productive industry sector. Due to its specific conditions, most of the Asia Pacific SIDS are unable to follow the path of the East Asia countries and the currently developed countries to start build industry based on cheap labour or agriculture resources. Fisheries is the only primary sector where the industry can be built and the Asia Pacific SIDS facing big challenge due to its size to develop this industry. Infrastructure also becomes the big hurdle for this country. The high cost transportation and the limited energy supply makes it harder to build the infrastructure as well as the low possibility for a positive profit. The new technology may offer some hopes especially from the renewable energy sector and battery capabilities. Despite this, it is likely that the Asia Pacific SIDS need to transform their economic structure differently with other countries as moving toward advancing their tourism, information-communication technology and hence, digital economy is an option that need to be considered by the Asia Pacific SIDS.

ABOUT THE SPEAKER

Yogi Vidyattama is a Senior Research Fellow of the Regional and Urban Modelling (RUM) Team. He graduated with a PhD in Economics from the Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, Canberra, where he holds an ANU Vice-Chancellor's Scholarship. He has been with NATSEM since 2008 after having previously spent three years as a research assistant and tutor at the Research School of Pacific and Asia Studies and Crawford School, ANU (2005-2008) and five years at the Institute of Economic and Social Research, University of Indonesia (1999-2004).

Yogi has focused his work on spatial and geographical economic analysis and is highly experienced in microsimulation modelling, economic growth, income and wealth distribution and inequality.  His current principal areas of research include: spatial impact of government policy; housing affordability; spatial distribution of inequality and disadvantage; and analysis of wealth and superannuation.

Yogi has published extensively in academic and policy journals, such as Regional Studies, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Australian Geographer, The Economic Record, Economic Papers, Housing Studies and the Australasian Journal of Regional Studies and through commissioned and public reports. His work has been influential in driving public debates and influencing policy and legislation in Australia and Indonesia. In Australia he has been involved in several government benefit modellings for the Parliamentary Library, age pension and gender wage gap, and while in Indonesia, his works included fiscal decentralisation, funding for human development progress in Indonesia, the Contingent Liabilities assessment of the Central Government Budget, and initial estimations of the impact of the Aceh Tsunami.

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